Nanomedicines: A Potential Treatment for Blood Disorder

By | April 8, 2024

Blood Disorder diseases also known by the name hematologic diseases, is considered to be one of the diseases that tends to affect the blood badly. These blood disorders can be cancerous as well as non-cancerous.  The hemoglobin  ensures every part of your body gets the proper amount of oxygen and nutrients. This helps in making the body work properly. Chemotherapy is one of the most used methods when it comes to blood disorders but the survival rate has been low for a long time. And here comes the use of nanomedicines and nanotechnology which has shown promising results in recent times.

What is Nanotechnology?

Before we start reading about what is nanomedicine, a deeper knowledge about nanotechnology is needed. Simply, it can be defined as an area of science where structures and atoms are produced at the nanoscale. In the most recent times with the increasing blood disorder diseases around the globe, nanotechnology in blood has been started. Artificial hemoglobin is created and is put in the body so that it acts as an oxygen carrier. The reason this is taking place is because of the lack of availability of proper blood. And this is proving to be a major concern across the globe. The population of the world keeps increasing every day and so increases the chances of blood disorders. The needy don’t get enough blood and this is where nanotechnology in the bloodstream has been introduced by doctors and scientists.

Nanomedicines & Its Inception

Nanomedicine has been derived from nanotechnology and it has been used by doctors and in health science for a long time. It all started with the lack of blood which is needed to treat people who have blood disorders. Clinical trials have been started and they are proving good results as well. Nanomedicines are proving to be advantageous in human treatments, as they are making sure to increase the success rate at every opportunity they are getting. There are various types of nanomedicine that have been used in recent times which include liposomes, inorganic nano-particles, virus-derived vectors, micelle, dendrimer, and a lot more.

Potential Blood Disorders That Are Treated By Nanomedicines

Blood disorders are of various types and it affects both the red blood cells as well as the white blood cells. Here are some of the blood disorders affecting the red blood cells, the white blood cells, and the platelets as well.

1.     Anaemia

Anemia is a type of blood disorder that occurs when red blood cells are not produced enough in the blood. This further leads to less oxygen flow in the entire body. Anemic patients can be extremely vulnerable and can lose their lives if not treated in time. 

2.     Thallasemia

Thalassemia is a type of disease where the body fails to make enough hemoglobin. This disease is generally genetic but can happen on its own as well.

3.     Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of blood cancer where cancer-forming blood tissues are formed in the body and the bone marrow as well.

4.     Hemophilia

Hemophilia is a blood disorder that is hereditary and the blood stops clotting making the body lose excessive blood.

The Use Of Nanomedicine In Cancer Treatment 

Besides the use of nanomedicine in blood disorders, nanomedicine is widely used in cancer treatments. 

Some of the potential cancer treatments are: 

  • Chemotherapy 
  • Immunotherapy
  • Photothermal therapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • Combination therapy

In fact, Nanomedicine is also used to diagnose cancer and in the screening process as well.

Vaccines Made By Using Nanomedicine

Nanomedicine can be potentially used in various kinds of vaccines that are immensely effective in the market as well. Some of them are: 

  • Recombinant protein/peptide, DNA and RNA vaccine
  • Virus-based tumor vaccine
  • Cell-based tumor vaccine
  • Virus-based tumor vaccine under clinical development

Nanomedicine Usage In Other Treatments

Now that we’ve got the idea that nanomedicine is widely used in blood disorders and cancer treatments, let’s check out some of the common diseases, it proves its effectiveness on: 

  • Bacterial Infections
  • Viral Infections
  • Mental Disorders
  • Nervous System Problems
  • Immunological Problems
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Ocular Diseases
  • Skin-related Problems

The use of nanomedicine is proving to be effective by the day and thus, we are awaiting more and more developments in this aspect as well. 

Wrapping Up

As we wrap up the blog, we hope the article is relevant to the search you made and helps you to understand the importance of nanomedicine in these recent times. Our blog has mentioned nanomedicine types, about nanotechnology, and everything related to that. Nanomedicines not only have increased the success rate, it also helped in identifying and curing diseases at a much earlier stage than one can think of. Researchers thoroughly study more on this topic while promising us a better future in terms of medicines and diseases.




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